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Types of Anxiety Disorders

Listed below are six common types of anxiety disorders, each with their own distinct symptom profile: 
generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder (anxiety attacks), 
phobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, and social anxiety disorder.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorderIf constant worries and fears distract you from your day-to-day 
activities, or you’re troubled by a persistent feeling that something bad is going to happen, you may 
be suffering from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). People with GAD are chronic worrywarts who 
feel anxious nearly all of the time, though they may not even know why. Anxiety related to GAD 
often shows up as physical symptoms like insomnia, stomach upset, restlessness, and fatigue.
Anxiety Attacks (Panic Disorder)
Anxiety attacks (Panic disorder)A panic disorder is characterized by repeated, unexpected panic 
attacks, as well as fear of experiencing another episode. A panic disorder may also be accompanied 
by agoraphobia, which is the fear of being in places where escape or help would be difficult in the 
event of a panic attack. If you have agoraphobia, you are likely to avoid public places such as 
shopping malls, or confined spaces such as an airplane.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by unwanted thoughts or behaviors that seem 
impossible to stop or control. If you have OCD, you may be troubled by obsessions, such as a 
recurring worry that you forgot to turn off the oven or that you might hurt someone. You may also 
suffer from uncontrollable compulsions, such as washing your hands over and over.
A phobia is an unrealistic or exaggerated fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that in reality 
presents little to no danger. Common phobias include fear of animals (such as snakes and spiders), 
fear of flying, and fear of heights. In the case of a severe phobia, you might go to extreme lengths to 
avoid the thing you fear. Unfortunately, avoidance only strengthens the phobia.
Social Anxiety Disorder
If you have a debilitating fear of being seen negatively by others and humiliated in public, you may 
have social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia. Social anxiety disorder can be thought of 
as extreme shyness. In severe cases, social situations are avoided altogether. Performance anxiety 
(better known as stage fright) is the most common type of social phobia.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an extreme anxiety disorder that can occur in the aftermath 
of a traumatic or life-threatening event. PTSD can be thought of as a panic attack that rarely, if ever, 
lets up. Symptoms of PTSD include flashbacks or nightmares about what happened, hypervigilance, 
startling easily, withdrawing from others, and avoiding situations that remind you of the event.

Article Comments

  • "It would be good to have more info on trauma. there is a whole spectrum and it would be really good tohave some coping techniques. Its so hard to live with"
  • - Lucylula (15th of June 2016, 08:37:43 PM)

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